CAPE COMMUNICATION STUDIES
GUIDELINES FOR WRITING MODULE ONE ESSAY
NB: Every year the CXC report continues to lament the fact that students do badly
on this essay. This happens because students either write insufficient
information on the effectiveness of the devices or they are confused between the
writer\u2019s main point and the writer\u2019s purpose.
Tips on distinguishing the Main Point/Main Idea and the Writer\u2019s
Purpose/Intention/Intent:Remember that the main point/Idea is what the writer
is writing about, the idea that is coming out from what you are reading; if you
were asked what the piece was about, whatever you respond that should be the
main idea. The Main Idea/Point is NEVER A VERB so it can never be stated
like this...\u201dThe main point/idea of this passage is to inform...\u201d If you have done this
then your answer will be incorrect. Always remember the main point/idea is never
to do something rather it is stated like this...\u201dThe main point/idea of the piece is
that students have problems answering the Module One essay...\u201d.
On the other hand the writer\u2019s purpose/intent is ALWAYS STATED AS A
VERB! It is what the writer wants happen as a result of your reading the piece.
So the writer wants to \u201cinform the reader of...\u201d, \u201cto entertain the reader...\u201d, \u201cto
criticise...\u201d \u201cto argue that...\u201d. Remember that all writers writer with a
purpose/intent in mind, to shift the readers from point A to point B!
If you understand and can identify these two different concept s you are on your
way to satisfying one- third of the essay requirements. The next two thirds are
correctly identifying the language strategies /techniques/devices that the writer
employed to help her achieve the Main Point/ Idea and the Purpose/Intent.
Some of the techniques that the writer employs are Simile, Metaphor,
Personification, Alliteration, Imagery, Rhetorical Question, Conversational
tone, Anecdote, Historical data, Statistical data, Repetition, and Humor.
Once you have identified a technique you need to write it out (do not give line
alone) and then you must write about the effectiveness of the device, in other
words what is this device adding to the piece, how does it appeal to the senses
and therefore to your understanding and most importantly how is it aiding
the author to achieve her purpose and expand her main point? For example
when a writer uses the strategy of historical data its effectiveness is to add/lend
credibility to what she is saying as a reader can easily check the records.
CAPE COMMUNICATION STUDIES PORTFOLIO
\ue000Table of Content
\ue000Rationale for Reflective One
\ue000ReflectivePiece Number One
\ue000Rationale for Reflective Two
\ue000Reflective Piece Number Two
\ue000Analysis of Reflective Piece (Your original work or a relevant/pertinent piece
that\u2019s someone else\u2019s)
WHAT\u2019S ON THE COVER PAGE
\ue000Name of Student
\ue000Name of School
WHAT\u2019S IN THE INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT
\ue000State the Theme of your Portfolio (General)
\ue000State if there is a sub-topic to your Theme (Specific)