Mussolini Rise To Power Essay Planner


Word count: Li Chun Ho (Alvin)Date: 02/11/11 IB History HLEssay Question: What were the main factors that enabled Mussolini to the rise to power andconsolidate his position in Italy between 1918 and 1926?2movement that was gaining momentum, as elections after 1920 saw socialist control of 26 out of 69provinces of Italy. This was only possible because the Italian police and army did not suppress theblack shirt movement, most notably the March on Rome in October 1922. With their interference,

Mussolini’s rise to power would have bee

n more difficult.The outcomes of the March on Rome were successful by

creating another step to Mussolini’s rise.

This came as an invitation by the Italian King for Mussolini to form a new government that wouldreplace the unpopular Liberal state with a ye

ar’s ruling by decree, enabling him to rule with

authoritarian decisions.Upon taking power, Mussolini was effective in consolidating it by gaining religious support from theChurch in 1929 that strengthened the fascist government. Mussolini agreed not to intervene inCatholic beliefs, where in exchange the Vatican could include schools in its spheres of influence. Thismutual benefit improved church state relations thusly creating a more pro-fascist Church in Italy. A

notable success was the Pope’s withdrawal of support to the PPI, Italian People’s Party, who were

later also sacked from government by Mussolini in an attempt to prevent dissent.Education was also influenced by the Fascists, where Mussolini encouraged students to practice thevalues of discipline and loyalty to the state by reading fascist history in school, and, in 1926,established the Youth movement, which were separate curriculums for girls and boys. Recreationwas also controlled, with strong cultural values focused on fascism.The elimination of opposition continued to be a policy Mussolini strived to maintain, with thousandsof opponents arrested. Socialists were also banned from joining the coalition, thus makingpossibilities of overthrow at a minimum. Furthermore, to create a strong government, the AcerboLaw of 1923 entitles the party with the greatest votes to two-thirds of seats in parliament. Mussolinialso may have rigged elections in 1924 that saw his party winning 374 out of 535 seats in Parliament.

Mussolini’s successful conso

lidation of power may also have been the result of establishing acorporate state, where mixed corporations determined the pay and conditions of workers. Althoughunsuccessful organization led to rising unemployment, this consequence was cushioned with stateinsurance.

Mussolini’s other goals involved committing Italy to an economic autarky, although it was met with

little success other than economic modernization to some extent. The economy used foreign andcolonial objectives to satisfy its wants, generally benefiting large industries and landowners.

These goals were set with Mussolini’s intention to transform Italy into a power status country, by

expanding her empire and economic influence.To conclude, a number of factors brought Mussolini to power. The situational ones includedunanimous Italian outrage for not being awarded for their efforts, the economic fallout created bypost war effects, and also the fear of communist uprisings. In order to benefit from these

shortcomings, Mussolini’s other actions

, including to build up the black shirt movement, the

Church’s intervention and other methods to eliminate opposition heavily contributed to his rise to

Comparing The Factors of the Rise of Mussolini to Those of Hitler

1065 Words5 Pages

Comparing The Factors of the Rise of Mussolini to Those of Hitler

A. Similarities:

Benito Mussolini

Adolf Hitler

Decisions of the Paris Peace Conference

Italy joined the First World War in 1915. Yet after the war Britain, France and other victorious allies did not fulfill their territorial promises as stated in the Treaty of London. Italians felt cheated. Since the Italian government failed to fight for the gains, it was deemed incompetent. Mussolini who promised revival of the glory of the ancient Roman Empire naturally got popular support.

Germany was the major defeated country of the First World War. She was forced to sign the harsh Treaty of Versailles. She was to lose large…show more content…

It faced the problems similar to those of Italy. There were 9 cabinets in 1920-28. Moreover, Germany was unified by Bismarck. It inherited from Prussia the tradition of authoritarianism and contempt for democracy. German people were dissatisfied with the inefficient administration of the Weimar government. In addition, the Weimar Constitution vested too much power in the hands of the President, which increased the chance for Hitler to become a dictator.

Postwar Economic Difficulties

Production came to a halt in Italy after the war. Over one million people became unemployed. Besides, 2.5 million soldiers had returned and waited for jobs. Italy also owed a huge amount of war debts. There was hyper-inflation. Enterprises and factories closed down. The economy was going to collapse. People longed for a saviour.

Other than war debts, Germany was also burdened with the huge indemnity imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. No money was available for reconstruction. The mark dropped in value horribly when the French troops occupied the Ruhr district in 1923. Although Stresemann could overcome the economic hardship for the time being with American aid, the Great Depression of 1929 put Germany in an economic crisis again. By 1932 6 million people were unemployed. People had no hope for the Weimar Republic.

Threat of Communism

Some Italians were

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