For the English footballer, see Patrick Roberts.
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1997
Serving with Jerry Moran
|Preceded by||Nancy Kassebaum|
|Chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee|
January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Debbie Stabenow|
|Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee|
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Bob Graham|
|Succeeded by||Jay Rockefeller|
|Chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee|
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
|Preceded by||Harry Reid|
|Succeeded by||Harry Reid|
November 19, 1999 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||Bob Smith|
|Succeeded by||Harry Reid|
|Chairman of the House Agriculture Committee|
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Kika de la Garza|
|Succeeded by||Robert Smith|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Kansas's 1st district
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Keith Sebelius|
|Succeeded by||Jerry Moran|
|Born||Charles Patrick Roberts|
(1936-04-20) April 20, 1936 (age 81)
Topeka, Kansas, U.S.
|Education||Kansas State University(BA)|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1958–1962|
Charles Patrick Roberts (born April 20, 1936) is an American politician of the Republican party serving as the seniorUnited States Senator from Kansas, a position he has held since 1997. Roberts previously served as the Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.
Born in Topeka, Kansas, Roberts is a graduate of Kansas State University. He served as a captain in the U.S. Marine Corps and worked as a newspaper reporter before entering politics in the late 1960s. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1980 to succeed 1st District Congressman Keith Sebelius, for whom he had worked. He served eight terms in the House, including one as chairman of the House Agriculture Committee.
Roberts was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1996, and is currently serving his fourth term. On the Intelligence Committee, he was responsible for an investigation into the intelligence failures prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. He is currently the dean of the Kansas congressional delegation.
Early life, education, and early political career
Roberts was born in Topeka, Kansas, the son of Ruth B. (née Patrick) and C. Wesley Roberts. His father served for four months as Chairman of the Republican National Committee under Dwight D. Eisenhower. Roberts's great-grandfather, J.W. Roberts, was the founder of the Oskaloosa Independent, which is the second-oldest newspaper in Kansas.
Roberts graduated in 1954 from high school in Holton, Kansas. He went on to earn a B.A. in Journalism from Kansas State University in 1958, where he became a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity. From 1958 to 1962, he served as an officer in the U.S. Marine Corps, achieving the rank of Captain. Roberts was a reporter and editor for several Arizona newspapers between 1962 and 1967, when he joined the staff of Republican Kansas Senator Frank Carlson. In 1969, he became administrative assistant to Kansas's 1st District Congressman Keith Sebelius.
U.S. House of Representatives (1981–1997)
After Keith Sebelius announced his retirement, Roberts easily won the Republican primary, which was tantamount to election in the heavily Republican 1st District. He was re-elected seven times without serious difficulty, never receiving less than 60 percent of the vote; in 1988, he ran unopposed.
Roberts served as the chairman of the House Agriculture Committee from 1995 to 1997.
U.S. Senate (1997–present)
Main article: United States Senate election in Kansas, 1996
After Republican Senator Nancy Kassebaum declined to seek a fourth term, Roberts ran to succeed her. He easily won the Republican primary, defeating three minor candidates with 78% of the vote. In the general election, he faced Democratic State Treasurer Sally Thompson. Term limits were an issue during the campaign; while Roberts said that he was not totally opposed to term limits, he was wary of limits that did not apply to current members of Congress, saying that the proposed limits should apply to everyone. While Thompson signed the national term limits pledge from the group Americans for Limited Terms, Roberts declined to do so, becoming the only major party candidate for the U.S. Senate in the 1996 elections to not sign the pledge. However, he did say that "I plan only to serve two terms in the U.S. Senate."
In the general election, Roberts defeated Thompson by 652,677 votes (62.02%) to 362,380 (34.44%), almost certainly helped by the presence of former Kansas Senator Bob Dole atop the ticket as the Republican presidential nominee.
Main article: United States Senate election in Kansas, 2002
Roberts was opposed in the Republican primary by Tom Oyler, who had run against him in 1996. Roberts defeated him 84% to 16%. No Democratic candidate opposed him in the general election; he faced only Libertarian nominee Steven Rosile and Reform nominee George H. Cook, defeating them by 641,075 votes (82.52%) to 70,725 (9.10%) and 65,050 (8.37%), respectively.
Main article: United States Senate election in Kansas, 2008
Roberts was unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated the Democratic nominee, former Congressman Jim Slattery, in the general election by 727,121 votes (60.06%) to 441,399 (36.46%).
Main article: United States Senate election in Kansas, 2014
In the 2014 election, Roberts faced a hard-fought primary challenge from physician Milton R. Wolf. Wolf received several endorsements from national organizations associated with the Tea Party movement. Roberts defeated Wolf in the Republican primary by 125,406 votes (48.12%) to 106,202 (40.75%). In the general election, for the second time in his tenure, Roberts did not face a Democratic opponent; Democratic nominee Chad Taylor withdrew from the race. Roberts won the general election, obtaining 53.15% of the vote; IndependentGreg Orman received 42.53%, while Libertarian nominee Randall Batson received 4.32%.
Despite being the longest-serving member of the Kansas delegation, Roberts spent the first 14 years of his Senate career as Kansas' junior senator, since Sam Brownback had taken office on election day 1996 to finish out Dole's term. However, after Brownback gave up his seat to make a successful run for Governor, Roberts became Kansas' senior senator.
Roberts was a senior member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, chairing the Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities. This subcommittee oversaw the military's work in the area of homeland security and the efforts to prevent proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry (Chairman)
- Committee on Finance
- Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
- Select Committee on Ethics
- Committee on Rules & Administration
Agriculture Committee attendance
During his tenure in the Senate, Roberts missed 130 (65%) of his Agriculture Committee meetings. The Agriculture Committee is responsible for farm, nutrition and forestry issues.
While participating in negotiations over the Republican-sponsored American Healthcare Act, Roberts was asked by Alice Ollstein if he supported a proposed revision to mandated coverage in the bill. He responded: "I wouldn't want to lose my mammograms." This comment was widely condemned. Roberts subsequently apologized.
Roberts is pro-life and opposes same-sex marriage.
Roberts opposed President Barack Obama's health reform legislation; he voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009, and he voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. In September 2017, Roberts supported the Graham-Cassidy healthcare bill. When interviewed about why he supported it, Roberts repeatedly refused to say why he thought the bill was good, and avoided speaking about the bill's policy contents. Instead, he said he supported the bill because it was the last best chance to repeal Obamacare.
Roberts worked to secure $15 million for research on carbon sequestration. On the topic of global warming, Roberts has said, "There’s no question there’s some global warming, but I’m not sure what it means. A lot of this is condescending elitism."
Roberts voted to confirm Gale Norton as Secretary of the Interior, to exclude oil and gas smokestacks from mercury regulations, and to reclassify the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a Cabinet department.
In 2012, Roberts introduced an amendment that would open up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to drilling for oil and approve the Keystone XL Pipeline.
In 2017, Roberts was one of 22 senators to sign a letter to President Donald Trump urging the President to have the United States withdraw from the Paris Agreement. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Roberts has received over $415,000 from oil, gas and coal interests since 2012.
In January 2014, Roberts introduced the Opportunities Created At the Local Level Act. The bill would allow states to freely choose without federal interference their own education standards, testing and curricula.
Roberts supports the Patriot Act, and the President's authority for warrantless surveillance. Roberts was the only senator blocking the nomination of Army Secretary Eric Fanning. Roberts’ refusal to lift his hold on the nomination until President Obama promised to never move anyone from the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to Fort Leavenworth drew criticism on the Senate floor from Armed Services Committee Chairman John McCain, who noted that the United States Secretary of the Army has no control over the detainees.
Main article: Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars Program
The 2004 Intelligence Authorization Act saw the creation of the Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars Program. The program links undergraduate and graduate students with US security and intelligence agencies" by providing funding to selected US students entering university, in return for a commitment to join the agency for at least 18 months on graduation. PRISP is a decentralized program which funds students through various intelligence agencies.
Investigation into pre-war intelligence on Iraq
As chairman of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Roberts was responsible for the committee's investigation into the intelligence failures prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. The first half of the Senate Report of Pre-war Intelligence on Iraq was released on July 9, 2004. The second half, according to language voted on by the full Committee, consists of five parts including: whether public statements and reports and testimony regarding Iraq by U.S. Government officials made between the Gulf War period and the commencement of Operation Iraqi Freedom were substantiated by intelligence information; the postwar findings about Iraq's weapons of mass destruction and weapons programs and links to terrorism and how they compare with prewar assessments; prewar intelligence assessments about postwar Iraq; any intelligence activities relating to Iraq conducted by the Policy Counterterrorism Evaluation Group (PCTEG) and the Office of Special Plans within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy; and the use by the Intelligence Community of information provided by the Iraqi National Congress (INC).
Biotech labeling to block Vermont's genetic engineering labeling law
Sen. Pat Roberts introduced a biotech labeling bill on February 19. The bill aims to establish a standardized voluntary labeling plan that would block Vermont from enacting its mandatory genetic engineering labeling law on July 1.
Roberts has an "A" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA) for his consistent, ongoing support of pro-gun legislation. The NRA endorsed Roberts in the 2014 election and NRA-Political Victory Fund chairman stated that “Pat is the only ally and battle-tested candidate in this race who has consistently protected our Second Amendment freedoms." Since 1998, the NRA has provided Roberts $23,800 in donations.
One month after the Orlando nightclub shooting Roberts voted for two Republican-backed proposals on gun policy: Chuck Grassley's amendment to increase funding for background checks and John Cornyn's policy that would have put a 72-hour hold on any terrorist suspect buying a gun. He voted against both of the Democrat's policies, including the Feinstein Amendment, which banned suspected terrorists from buying guns. Roberts voted against the Manchin-Toomey amendment to expand background checks for gun purchases.
In the immediate aftermath of the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Roberts said it was "too early" to discuss gun policy change.
In February 2018, after the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in which 17 were killed, Roberts came out in favor of age limits on the AR-15, the assault rifle that the assailant used in the high school shooting. Roberts said, "Certainly nobody under 21 should have an AR-15. I don’t know why anybody would want an AR-15 unless they’re going to take one out on the shooting range".
Roberts married Franki Fann in 1969. The couple has three adult children: David, Ashleigh, and Anne-Wesley.
Roberts lives in Alexandria, Virginia.The New York Times has reported that the house that Roberts claims as his residence in Dodge City, Kansas is actually owned and occupied by campaign contributors C. Duane and Phyllis Ross.
United States Senate election in Kansas, 2014
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 53.3%|
|Greg Orman (Ind.) 42.4%|
|Randall Batson (Lib.) 4.3%|
United States Senate Republican Primary election in Kansas, 2014
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 48%|
|Milton Wolf (R) 40.7%|
|D.J. Smith (R) 5.7%|
|Alvin Zahnter (R) 5.3%|
United States Senate election in Kansas, 2008
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 60%|
|Jim Slattery (D) 36%|
United States Senate election in Kansas, 2002
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 82.5%|
|Steven Rosile (Lib.) 9.1%|
|George Cook (Reform) 8.4%|
United States Senate Republican Primary election in Kansas, 2002
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 83.7%|
|Tom Oyler (R) 16.3%|
United States Senate election in Kansas, 1996
|Pat Roberts (R) 62%|
|Sally Thompson (D) 34.4%|
|Mark S. Marney (Reform) 2.3%|
|Steven Rosile (Lib.) 1.2%|
United States Senate Republican Primary election in Kansas, 1996
|Pat Roberts (R) 78.2%|
|Tom Little (R) 8%|
|Thomas Oyler (R) 7.4%|
|Richard Cooley (R) 6.4%|
1994 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 77%|
|Terry L. Nichols (D) 23%|
1992 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 68%|
|Duane West (D) 29%|
|Steven Rosile (L) 2%|
1990 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 62%|
|Duane West (D) 37%|
1988 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 100%|
1986 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) (inc.) 76.5%|
|Dale Lyon (D) 23.5%|
1980 Kansas 1st District United States Congressional Election
|Pat Roberts (R) 62%|
|Phil Martin (D) 38%|
- ^"Roberts". RootsWeb. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- ^"Washington Post US Congress Votes Database". Washington Post. Washington Post. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- ^"Roberts sole candidate to resist term limits tide". Lawrence Journal-World. September 25, 1996. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- ^"Pat Roberts Said In 1996 He'd Only Serve Two Terms — He's Running For His Fourth". BuzzFeed. October 14, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- ^Carpenter, Tim (September 18, 2014). "Court permits Taylor to withdraw from Senate race". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- ^Carpenter, Tim (October 13, 2014). "Roberts misses two-thirds of ag committee meetings since 2000". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- ^"Records: Pat Roberts missed most agricultural committee meetings". 6 News Lawrence. Associated Press. October 14, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- ^"Nancy Pelosi: GOP Health Care Plan Would Make 'Being A Woman A Preexisting Condition'". Huffington Post. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- ^"AHCA Amendment Would Stop Medicaid Coverage For Moms Who Don't Find Work 60 Days After Giving Birth". Jezebel. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- ^"This Dude Senator Made a Sh*tty Joke About Women's Health Care". Cosmopolitan. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- ^"'I wouldn't want to lose my mammograms,' male GOP senator says — then immediately regrets". Washington Post. March 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- ^PAT ROBERTS IS PRO-LIFE. Official Website. Retrieved: 22 October 2014.
- ^ ab"Pat Roberts on the Issues". OnTheIssues. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- ^"Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- ^"U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- ^CJ Online | Kansas News | Jim Suber: Roberts's study of carbon sequestration is in search of 'win-win' situation 10/29/00
- ^Carpenter, Tim. "Oil, gas industry: It's not our fault". The Topeka Capital. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
- ^"Pat Roberts on Environment". On the Issues. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- ^"Senate rejects drilling for oil in Arctic refuge". Alaska Dispatch News. March 13, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
- ^Inhofe, James. "Senator". Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- ^"The Republicans who urged Trump to pull out of Paris deal are big oil darlings". The Guardian. June 1, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- ^Martin, Aaron. "Roberts measure aims for state educational autonomy". Ripon Advance. January 31, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- ^"Sen. Roberts: Bush Has Authority for NSA Program" Fox News. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- ^Schmidt, Michael S. (11 May 2016). "Army Secretary Nomination is Blocked by a G.O.P. Senator". The New York Times. pp. A14. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- ^Capehart, Jonathan (11 May 2016). "Eric Fanning and the Army deserve better than this from Congress". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- ^CounterPunch, June 23, 2009, Son of PRISP: Obama's Classroom Spies
- ^CounterPunch, March 12, 2005, Exposing the Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars Program: The CIA's Campus Spies
- ^"NRA Endorses Pat Roberts for U.S. Senate in Kansas". NRA-PVF. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- ^Kraske, Steve. "Who's the top recipient of NRA donations anywhere in the country? Take a bow, Sen. Roy Blunt". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- ^Tate, Curtis. "On Senate gun vote, Kansas' Roberts, Moran stick to party line". McClatchy. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- ^"How Senators voted: Expanding gun background checks". USA Today. April 17, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- ^France-Presse, Agence. "Republicans freeze on gun control demand - The Manila Times Online". The Manila Times. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- ^ abO'Keefe, Ed (2018-02-22). "NRA-backed Sen. Pat Roberts: 'Nobody under 21 should have an AR-15'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
- ^"Patrick 'Pat' ROBERTS". The Needham Family. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- ^Martin, Jonathan (September 4, 2014). "National G.O.P. Moves to Take Over Campaign of Kansas Senator". The New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- ^Martin, Jonathan (February 7, 2014). "Lacking a House, a Senator Is Renewing His Ties in Kansas". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
Read our 2017 Report Card for Roberts.
Roberts is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Roberts has sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Pat Roberts sits on the following committees:
- Chair, Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Commodities, Risk Management, and Trade
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Conservation, Forestry, and Natural Resources
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Livestock, Marketing, and Agriculture Security
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Nutrition, Agricultural Research, and Specialty Crops
- Ex Officio, Subcommittee on Rural Development and Energy
- Joint Committee on the Library
- Joint Committee on Printing
- Senate Committee on Finance
- Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
- Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
- Senate Select Committee on Ethics
Roberts was the primary sponsor of 18 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
View All »
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Roberts sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Health (33%)Taxation (18%)Agriculture and Food (15%)Government Operations and Politics (12%)Public Lands and Natural Resources (6%)Transportation and Public Works (6%)Finance and Financial Sector (6%)Education (4%)
Some of Roberts’s most recently sponsored bills include...
View All » | View Cosponsors »
|Roberts’s Vote||Vote Description|
|Yea||H.R. 5325: Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2017|
Sep 28, 2016. Bill Passed 72/26.
|Yea||H.R. 22: Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act|
Dec 3, 2015. Conference Report Agreed to 83/16.
H.R 22, formerly the Hire More Heroes Act, has become the Senate’s vehicle for passage of the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act or DRIVE Act (S. 1647). The DRIVE Act is a major bipartisan transportation bill that would authorize funding ...
|Yea||H.R. 1314: Trade Act of 2015|
Oct 30, 2015. Motion Agreed to 64/35.
This vote was on the bill in its final form as the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015.
|Yea||H.R. 5771 (113th): Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014|
Dec 16, 2014. Bill Passed 76/16.
|Nay||H.J.Res. 124 (113th): Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2015|
Sep 18, 2014. Joint Resolution Passed 78/22.
|Yea||S. 3240 (112th): Agriculture Reform, Food, and Jobs Act of 2012|
Jun 21, 2012. Bill Passed 64/35.
|Yea||S. 1789 (112th): 21st Century Postal Service Act of 2012|
Apr 25, 2012. Bill Passed 62/37.
|Yea||H.R. 4853 (111th): Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010|
Dec 15, 2010. Motion Agreed to 81/19.
The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 (Pub.L. 111–312, H.R. 4853, 124 Stat. 3296, enacted December 17, 2010), also known as the 2010 Tax Relief Act, was passed by the United States Congress on December 16, 2010, and signed into ...
From Jan 1997 to Mar 2018, Roberts missed 182 of 6,609 roll call votes, which is 2.8%. This is worse than the median of 1.4% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
Show the numbers...
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
Pat Roberts is pronounced:
pat // RAW-berts
The letters stand for sounds according to the following table:
|Letter||Sounds As In|
Capital letters indicate a stressed syllable.